Catalase postive organisms mnemonic

Mnemonic for Catalase positive organisms is: SPACE Staphylococci (important not confuse it with streptococci) Pseudomonas aeroginosa Aspergillus fumigatus Candida Enterobacteriaceae (Klebsiella,Serratia) None of the anaerobes are Catalase positive. Some other Catalase positive organisms are: Nisseria (Gonorrhea & Meningitidis) Vibrio Nocardia …

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DNA and RNA viruses

Viruses are peculiar creatures, because unlike any other organism  which usually have DNA as genetic material, viruses can have DNA or RNA as genetic material, but never both in same virus. The DNA present as genetic material in a virus …

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Nephrotic syndrome clinical features and complications-mnemonic

Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common conditions which is encountered in the paedicatric age group.Memorizing the clinical features and complications of nephrotic syndrome is essential while appearing for all the MCQ exams.This mnemonic is for memorizing the clinical …

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Mathes and Nahai classification of Fasciocutaneous flaps

Mathes and Nahai is famous for their classification of Muscle and musculocutaneous flaps.This classification of fasciocutaneous flaps by Mathes and Nahai is of historical importance, as the more followed classification is by Cormack and Lamberty. Mathes and Nahai classification of …

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Z plasty technique and uses

What is Z plasty? It is a technique of wound closure, which involves transposition of two adjacent triangular-shaped flaps. Uses of Z plasty Increase the length of an area of tissue or scar Break up a straight-line scar Realign a …

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Cormack and Lamberty classification of Fasciocutaneous flaps

Fasciocutaneous flaps are designed based on blood vessels running either within or near the fascia. Cormack and Lamberty classification of FC flaps Type A • Dependent on multiple non-named fasciocutaneous vessels that enter the base of the flap. • Lower leg …

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Mathes and Nahai classification of muscle flaps

Type I • Single vascular pedicle. • Examples: Gastrocnemius Tensor fasciae latae (TFL) Abductor digiti minimi. Type II Dominant pedicle(s) and other minor pedicle(s). These flaps can be based on the dominant pedicle after the minor pedicle(s) are ligated.  Circulation …

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