Monthly Archives: October 2010 - Page 2

FAB classification of AML

8 types Mo- Minimally differentiated AML M1- AML without maturation M2-Most common t(8:21) M3-Promyelocytic leukemia t(15:17)multiple Auer rods,DIC M4-Acute myelomonocytic,both myeloblasts and monoblasts seen,inversion 16 M5-A/c monocytic leukemia t(9:11)high incidence of organomegaly,tissue infiltration and lymphadenopathy M6-A/c erythroid leukemia,Di gugliemo d/s,abnormal …

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Confusing terms In community medicine

Control,Elimination,Eradication Control-Equilibrium between agent,host and environment.Different for different countries Elimination- Interruption of all transmission from a geographical area. eg:Measles and Polio eliminated from many western countries. Eradication- Extermination of the infectious agent from the face of earth eg:Small pox. Tip:Getting …

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Lymphatic drainage of breast

Anterior/Pectoral Group-Lateral Quadrant of breast,anterolateral abdominal wall. Posterior/Subscapular group-Axillary tail/Upper half of trunk posteriorly Lateral group-UL Central Group-From above groups Apical group-Receives Lymphatics from all the above groups

Dominant and recessive

Autosomal Dominant diseases Frequently asked: Hereditary Non Polyposis Colon Cancer. Hereditary Spherocytosis Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telengectasia Familial: Familial breast and Ovarian cancer Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Familial Hypercholesterolemia Familial Polyposis coli Familial melanoma Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia Familial parkinson’s disease Hematological: …

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Indexes in community medicine

Physical Quality of Life Index(PQLI) Infant mortality rate Life expectancy at age 1 Literacy Score 0-100,best is given a score of 100 and worst 0.Average is taken,GDP is not taken into account. Tip: In PQLI Li is literacy! Human Development …

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Genital Ulcers

Syphilis/Primary Chancre Treponema pallidum Incubation period of 9-90 days Usually single lesion Papule, which maybe superficial or deep Edges are sharply demarcated elevated, round or oval. Induration is firm Pain is uncommon Firm nontender bilateral lymphadenopathy Chancroid Hemophilus ducreyi Incubation …

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Tympanogram

Type A- Normal tympanogram Type As- Compliance lower, seen in fixation of ossicles eg:Otosclerosis,malleus fixation Type Ad- High compliance,Seen in ossicular discontinuity and lax tympanic membrane Type B- Flat dome shaped graph.No change in compliance.Seen in middle ear fluid/thick tympanic …

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