Monthly Archives: March 2011

Hemophilia A vs Von Willebrand Factor deficiency.

Hemophilia A Inherited as X linked recessiv(more common in boys). Factor VIIIc decreased. Clotting disorder. Ristocetin Cofactor level is normal. Hemarthoris ++. Bleeding time is normal. APTT is prolonged. PT is normal. Platelet aggregation in response to Ristocetin is normal. …

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X ray appearences in heart diseases.

Imaging of the chest is not only valuable in respiratory disorders, but it also  gives valuable insights into specific disease conditions of heart. Given below are specific appearances that heart diseases make on an X ray film. Coeur en Sabot …

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Gait disturbances with their causes.

Festinant gait – Parkinsonism Reeling/ Ataxic gait – Cerebellar vermis involvement. Stamping/Tabetic gait – Sensory ataxia. Steppage/ Equine gait – Foot drop. Waddling gait/ Trendelenberg gait – Gluteal muscle weakness. Toppling gait – Vestibular neuronitis, Brainstem strokes. Apraxic gait, paratonia(Gegenhalten), …

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Clinical features of Infective endocarditis

Clinical features of Infective endocarditis is one of the favorite questions of examiners. Given below is the clinical features of IE and short explanations. Oslers nodes– tender nodules in pulp of fingers and sole. Janeway lesions – Non tender erythematous …

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Named heart murmurs and their causes

Carey Coombs murmur– Mid diastolic murmur, in rheumatic fever Austin Flint murmur– mid- late diastolic murmur,in  Aortic Regurgitation. Graham- Steel murmur– high pitched, diastolic, in pulmonary regurgitation. Rytands murmur – mid diastolic atypical murmur, in Complete heart block. Docks murmur-diastolic …

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Barium study findings in various gastrointestinal diseases.

Barium swallow findings Bird beak appearance – Achalasia cardia Rat tail appearance – Achalasia cardia Corkscrew esophagus – Diffuse esophageal spasm Curling esophagus – Diffuse esophageal spasm Nut crackers esophagus – Diffuse esophageal spasm Barium meal findings String sign – …

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Common Osteochonditis and their sites

Perthes disease – Femoral head Panners disease – Capitulum Keinbock disease – Lunate Osgood Shattler disease -Tibial tubercle Severs disease – Calcaneal tuberosity Kohlers disease – Navicular Freiberg’s disease – Metatarsal head Scheurmann’s disease – Ring epiphysis of vertebrae Calves …

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