Category Archives: Medicine

Nephrotic syndrome clinical features and complications-mnemonic

Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common conditions which is encountered in the paedicatric age group.Memorizing the clinical features and complications of nephrotic syndrome is essential while appearing for all the MCQ exams.This mnemonic is for memorizing the clinical …

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Causes of renal papillary necrosis mnemonic

What is renal papillary necrosis? It is a type of coagulative necrosis, which affects the renal medullary pyramids and papillae. Conditions causing renal papillary necrosis can be remembered by this simple mnemonic. Mnemonic for Renal papillary Necrosis POSTCARDS Pyelonephritis Obstruction …

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Antidotes for some commonly used medicines

Knowing the effects and side effects of a medicine is very important while prescribing a medicine.Over dose of a medicine can cause severe adverse effects, so knowing which antidote to give is needed when such a situation arises.Given below is …

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Ondine’s curse and primary alveolar hypoventilation

Ondine’s curse maybe a familiar phrase to you, after going through the respiratory system topics.When I came across this story in my PG entrance book, I wanted to know more about Goddess Ondine and Ondine’s curse. Ondine was a water …

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Bronchial asthma triggers, treatment and precautions.

Bronchial asthma which is often referred to as Asthma is caused by irritation of the airways. When irritation of the airways occur, the airways contract and hence the width of the respiratory passages decrease and they get filled with secretions …

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Why does nocturia occur in heartfailure?

While taking case history in a cardiac failure patient, one of the most important points to be enquired is whether there is a history of nocturia in the patient. What is nocturia? The tendency of the patient to urinate excessively …

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What is syphilis?

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease(STD) affecting the genital organs.Syphilis is transmitted by a spirochete bacterium named Treponema pallidum.It is most often transmitted by sexual contact, but it can also be transmitted from mother to fetus by placental route.When transmission …

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