Category Archives: Surgery - Page 2

Undescended testis

Definition Incomplete descent of testis occurs when testis is arrested in some part of its normal path to scrotum. Development and descent of testis Testis develops from genital ridge in 7th week of intrauterine life, in the retroperitoneum below the …

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Below Knee Amputation-Burgess Long posterior flap technique

The Burgess technique is the most frequently used technique in BK amputation.The well vascularized myocutaneous flap consists of gastrocnemius, partial soleus and posterior skin. Technique Incision Anterior skin incision should be located 12 cm (one handbreadth) below tibial tuberosity, skin …

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Skin Grafting-Types of skin grafts

Split thickness skin grafts   Also known as thiersch graft,split-thickness grafts consist of epidermis and a variable thickness of dermis. Thinner grafts (<0.016 in.) have a higher rate of engraftment, whereas thicker grafts, with a greater amount of dermis, are …

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Classification of nerve injuries

Sunderlanda Seddonb Structure injured Prognosis First degree Neurapraxia Schwann cell (demyelination) Complete recovery within 12 wk Second degree Axonotmesis Axon (wallerian degeneration) Complete recovery regeneration 1 mm/day Third degree Endoneurium Incomplete recovery Fourth degree Perineurium No recovery Fifth degree Neurotmesis …

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Compartment Syndrome

Compartment syndrome results from increased pressure within an osseofascial space, leading to decreased perfusion pressure. If it is left untreated, muscle and nerve ischemia may progress to necrosis and fibrosis, causing Volkmann ischemiccontracture.Compartment syndrome is usually seen in hand and …

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Lymphnode levels of neck

The neck is divided into 6 areas called Levels. The levels are identified by Roman numeral, increasing towards the chest. Level I: Submental and submandibular nodes Level Ia: Submental triangle Level Ib: Submandibular triangle Level II: Upper jugular nodes Level …

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Mammogram Poem, written by a patient who underwent the procedure

This poem on mammography was written by a patient who underwent mammography,describing the procedure and how painful it can be. For years and years they told me, Be careful of your breasts. Don’t ever squeeze or bruise them. And give …

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