Clinical features of Infective endocarditis

Clinical features of Infective endocarditis is one of the favorite questions of examiners. Given below is the clinical features of IE and short explanations.

  1. Oslers nodes– tender nodules in pulp of fingers and sole.
  2. Janeway lesions – Non tender erythematous macules in palms and sole.
  3. Mycotic aneurisms- focal dilatations in arteries due to weakening by infection.
  4. Micro abscesses, hemorrhagic stroke.
  5. Roth’s spots, Glomerulonephritis.
  6. Perivalvular abscesses, MC around aortic valve.
  7. MC cause of death: Heart Failure due to valvular insufficiency.

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