Kussmaul’s,Cheyne Stoke’s and Bitots breathing

Kussmaul’s breathing/Acidotic breathing

Typically seen in metabolic acidosis

Characterized by rapid and deep breathing due to stimulation by increased H+ concentration


  1. Metabolic acidosis
  2. Diabetic keto acidosis
  3. Renal failure

Cheyne stokes breathing

Respiration shows alternate waxing and waning of tidal volume


  1. LVF
  2. Brain Injury
  3. Uremia
  4. In normal children during sleep

Bitot’s /Periodic breathing

Respiration is characterized by alternate eupnea and apnea


  1. Meningitis
  2. Severe brain damage
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