Most Common

MOST COMMON CAUSE

MCC of intracranial metastasis-Ca lung

MCC of hepatic metastasis - Bronchogenic carcinoma

MCC of hepatic mets from GIT – Colonic ca

MCC of Intrauterine Growth retardation-C/c pyelonephritis?

MCC of HTN in children-A/c Glomerulonephritis

MC complication of CSOM-Temporal lobe abscess

MC ovarian tumour in pregnancy-Teratoma/Dermoid cyst

MC joint involved in Osteo Arthritis-Knee joint

MCC of interstitial/atypical pneumonia- Mycoplasma

MC Glycogen storage disease-Gaucher’s disease

MC porphyria-Porphyria cutanea tarda.

MC cause of childhood nephrotic syndrom-Minimal change disease

MC cause of adult nephrotic syndrome- Membranous glomerulonephritis.

MC cancer-Lung cancer

MC cancer in females-Breast cancer

MC cause of maternal deaths-Obstetric hemorrhage(PPH)

MC cause of Blindness in India-Cataract

MC site of Gastrinoma- Duodenum.

MC Paraneoplastic Syndrome-Hypercalcemia

MC paraneoplastic endocrinopathy-Cushings syndrome

mc presentation of meckel’s diverticulum—–bleeding

mc s/e of radiation on heart —— pericardial effusion

m.c. cause of cushing’s disease- pituitary microadenoma

mcc of primary hyperaldosteronism- b/l cortical hyperplasia

mc aldosterone producing adrenal tumour- u/l adrenal adenoma

mcc of post trauma vegetative state- diffuse axonal injury

mc asso anomaly with coarctation of aorta- bicuspid aortic valve

mcc of vasculitis in child- henoch-schonlein purpura

mc feature of aortitis on x-ray- calcified ascending aorta

MC intra-abdominal malignancy in children – Neuroblastoma
2nd MC intra-abdominal malignancy in children – Wilm’s tumor
MC hepatic malignancy in children – Hepatoblastoma
MC soft tissue sarcoma – Rhabdomyosarcoma
MC site for rhabdomyosarcoma – Head and neck
MC Pediatric tumor – ALL
2nd MC Pediatric tumor – Brain tumor
MC brain tumor in children – Astrocytoma
MC brain tumor in infancy – Supratentorial
MC brain tumor between 1-10 yrs of age – Infratentorial
MC brain tumor after 10 yrs of age – Supratentorial
MC embryonal brain tumor – Medulloblastoma
MC renal mass in neonates – Multicystic renal dysplasia
MC malignant tumor of kidney – Wilm’s tumor

mc tumours in parts of mediastinum-

anterior- thymomas
mid- cyst
posterior- neurogenic tu

mc tumour of mediastinum- neurogenic tu
most malignant masses of mediastinum- lymphomas

mc site of colonic volvulus- sigmoid

MC cause of renal artery stenosis

  1. old age- atherosclerosis
  2. young(india)- Takayasu arteritis
  3. young( western world)- fibro muscular dysplasia

MC of eye in AIDS
1. Lesion- microvasculopathy of conjunctiva and retina
2. Infection- chorioretinitis
3. Neoplasm- kaposi sarcoma
4. Cause of chorioretinitis- CMV
5. Finding in HIV retinopathy- cotton wool spots
6. Rx of CMV retinitis- ganciclovir,foscarnet

MOST COMMON site in GIT

small bowel carcinoid-ILEUM

Ulcerative colitis,hirsprung disease-RECTUM

Polyps in peutz jegher syndrome,pneumatosis cystoid intestinale–JEJUNUM

Amoebic colitis,volvulus-SIGMOID COLON

Bleeding from angiodysplasia-RIGHT COLON

Brenner’s gland-1ST PART OF DUODENUM

MC cause of maternal death- obst haemorrhage

MC of isoniazid resistance- kat G gene mutation

MC primary lymphoma of spleen- NHL

-cause of seizure in newborn-HIE

MC type of seizure in newborn-subtle

MC extranodal site of lymphoma

MC tumours in newborn-sacrococcygeal teratoma

-most common testicular tumour–prepuberty–yolk sac tumour
overall–seminoma
in age above 50– lymphoma

MCC of hereditary thrombophilia-factor V leiden mutation
MC hereditary cause of venous thrombosis-factor V leiden mutation
MC hereditary blood coagulation disorder-factor V leiden mutation

mc pancreatic tumour in men1- gastrinoma…
mc complication of IUCD- Bleeding…

mc sites of primary for bone metastasis- male-prostate>lung

female-breast>lung
children- neuroblastoma
mc osteolytic mets- male-lung ca
female-breast ca
mc osteoblastic mets- male-prostate
female-breast ca

mc glomerulopathy worldwide-IgA nephropathy

mc cardiac tumours are secondaries
mc primary neplasm of the heart -myxoma

mc in infants and children-rhabdomyomas

MC site of sub ependymal astrocytoma-foramen of munroe

MC corneal dystrophy-keratoconus

MC anterior corneal dystrophy-Anterior basement membrane dystrophy (ABMD)

MC of stromal dystrophies-Lattice dystrophy is usually an autosomal dominant condition

MC endothelial corneal dystrophy-Fuchs

Macular dystrophy of the cornea is the least common, but most severe

MC phakomatosis-neurofibromatosis(NF1)

MC involved in vestibular schwannoma- SUP. VES. > INF. VEST. > COCHLEAR DIV.

MC site of TB lung-Apices

mc injury encounter in spine injuries-flexion of spine

MCC of viral meningitis-enterovirus

MCC of sporadic viral encephalitis-HSV1

MCC of epidemic viral encephalitis-Arbovirus

MC site for thrombin formation in DIC-Brain

  1. ajeetchamania

    Very useful for prepg examination becuause there is always questions about most common cause,most common site,and most common symptoms.But this should be associated with reasons.
    Dr.Ajeet Chamania

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