Renal Tubular acidosis

Type I RTA

DCT- H+ secretion Low

Urine pH cannot be reduced<5.5 even by NH4Cl

Type II RTA

PCT –  HCO3 reabsorption Low

Fanconis syndrome-Swan neck PCT

Type III RTA

Autosomal recessive

Carbonic Anhydrase defect

Type IV RTA

DCT- H+/K+

Hyperkalemic Acidosis

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