X ray appearences in heart diseases.

Imaging of the chest is not only valuable in respiratory disorders, but it also  gives valuable insights into specific disease conditions of heart. Given below are specific appearances that heart diseases make on an X ray film.

  1. Coeur en Sabot /Boot shaped heart –  Tetralogy of Fallot
  2. Pear/Money bag/purse –   Pericardial Effusion
  3. Box shaped heart –   Ebstein’s anomaly
  4. Egg on side –    TGA
  5. Snowman/figure of 8 –   TAPVC
  6. Scimtar sign –    TAPVC.
  7. Wide Vascular Pedicle – Corrected TOGV
  8. Sitting Duck shaped Heart– Persistant Truncus Arteriosus
  9. Flask shaped Heart/Leather bottle with Pulm. Oligemia- Pericardial Effusion
  10. Snowman/Figure of 8/ Cottage leaf of Bread heart– TAPVC
  11. Shaggy Heart – Pertusis
  12. Figure of 3 (CXR)/Reversed E sign(Ba swallow) –   Coarctation of Aorta
  13. Hilar Dance sign(Fluoroscopy) –   ASD
  14. Egg in cup – Constrictive pericarditis.

Find more characteristic findings in masterofmedicine among revision topics

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